Thailand can be divided into 4 major regions:

The central region, the vast alluvial plain, is traditionally the rice granary of the Thailand. With Bangkok, this region became the administrative, industrial heart, and financier of the country. It is bordered in the East by Cambodia and gives, in the South, on the gulf of Thailand. It is the most populated region.

The North, mountainous, goes along the Burmese and Laotian borders. This region, little populated, is universally recognized for the talent of his craftsmen.

The region of the Northeast is the driest and the poorest region of the country. It extends over the plateau of Korat, to the Mekong. Due to the lack of water, only 15 % of lands are cultivated.

The coastal strip of the South marks the transition between the Indo-Chinese peninsula and the Malay Peninsula. This region, subjected to the monsoon, is very fertile, what allows the culture of rice and rubber tree.

Natural resources:

Thailand remains, in spite of its fast industrialization, a fundamentally agricultural country. It possesses limited mining resources, but Thailand is the 2nd world producer of tungsten and the 3rd world producer of tin. Exploiting some mines of precious gems (sapphire, ruby), Thailand develops especially an industry of the cutting which employs 1.2 million persons.

The main cultivated products are the rice, the tapioca, the corn, the germs of soya, the rubber, the sugar cane and the coconut for a proportion of the GDP of the order of 11 %.

Main cities:



Capital and more big city of the Kingdom (8 million inhabitants, 12 millions with the suburb), situated in border of the golf of Thailand, in the delta of Chao Phraya. Bangkok is one of big commercial crossroads of the Southeast Asia. The city, situated in a producing region of rice, is also the first industrial area of the country (food-processing industry, textile industry, cement, oil refinery and mechanical engineering.

Bangkok welcomes the headquarters of the Economic and Social Council of United Nations for Asia and the Pacific. Center of the culture and Thai education, Bangkok counts several universities and technical schools. We can admire some 400 temples there luxuriously decorated (wats) of which the Wat Phra Kaeo (Temple of Emerald Buddha) of situated inside the walls of the Grand Palace. If the first western visitors had nicknamed it "Green Venice" because of the canals, it is known for its pollution and its traffic jams today.


Chiang Mai 


 It is situated in approximately 720 km in the North of Bangkok and in 130 km of the border with Burma, on river Ping. The city is the big economic center of the North of the Thailand (500 000 inhabitants) and as well as a railroad terminus.  

The former city preserves the vestiges of temples dating the 13th in 15th century, of which that of the supposed Wat Phra Dhat Doi Suthep to shelter Buddha's relics. Besides tourism, the city lives on the business of the teak and on its agricultural and craft productions.



Nakhon Ratchasima 


It is situated in the northeast of the country, in 256 km from Bangkok, on the river Moun, in the southerner part of the plateau of Korat. The city accounts 204 000 inhabitants. It is an industrial area (railroad equipment, food-processing industry, and weavings) and commercial but also a university center and one of the high places of the Buddhism.



We distinguish 3 seasons all year round:

The warm season, Mars through June, is characterized by the almost total absence of precipitation and strong hot season (temperatures up to 40 degrees in April).

The rainy season is from July till October.  

The wintry season (said "fresh") is from November till February or the temperatures are mild.







© 2018 Franco-thaï Chamber of commerce

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